| The Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia is the competent Administration to authorize the burning of agricultural residue remains (stubble and pruning remains) | The Ministry of Water, Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Environment, has issued an Order dated May 5, 2020, which dictates urgent measures in relation to the burning of agricultural pruning during the state of alarm by COVID-19 , in which it is stated that the competence to authorize the burning of the remains of agricultural pruning, as regards the activity of waste management, is legally attributed to the Autonomous Communities.Therefore, the Autonomous Community is the competent administration to allow or authorize said activity in the legislative development and execution in the area of ??Health and Environment, in accordance with the provisions of article 12.4.b of Law 22/2011.
In addition, the burning of pruning remains must comply with the forest fire prevention measures established by the Autonomous Community.Ministry of Water, Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Environment 2141 Order of May 5, 2020 of the Ministry of Water, Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Environment by which urgent measures are issued in relation to the burning of agricultural pruning during the alarm state by COVID-19.
On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization elevated the public health emergency situation caused by COVID-19 to an international pandemic.The rapid spread of the disease nationally and internationally has led member states to take exceptional measures across the board to tackle the disease.The extraordinary circumstances that arise constitute, without a doubt, an unprecedented health crisis and of enormous magnitude, both due to the very high number of citizens affected and the extraordinary risk to their health.
This extreme health alert situation has led the nation's government to declare a state of alarm through Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, declaring the state of alarm for the management of the crisis situation.
health caused by COVID-19.Measures are established that widely limit the free movement of people and, among other measures, suspend face-to-face educational activity, forcing adults and minors to be confined to their homes for the duration of said situation.However, the scale of the containment measures is gradually being reduced and by population sectors.
Currently, in a state of alarm, cases of burning of agricultural pruning remains continue to be reported, even in urban areas, whose fumes and nuisances affect a population that is already at health risk due to the effects of COVID-19.
The Spanish Constitution establishes in its article 45 that everyone has the right to enjoy an environment suitable for the development of the person, as well as the duty to preserve it, entrusting the public powers with the duty to ensure the rational use of resources.
natural, in order to protect and improve the quality of life and defend and restore the environment, relying on collective solidarity.
In these circumstances, the Prosecutor's Office of the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia has sought the help of the Autonomous and Local Administration in order that, in their areas of action, they adopt and take extreme measures to prevent people's health and the environment, mainly in the current situation of alarm, in relation to the practice of burning remains of agricultural pruning.
However, it should be remembered that certain pests of our crops, such as scolytids, big-headed worms and other so-called drought pests, take refuge in the remains of plant material generated on the farm, constituting a reservoir for certain NPE organisms: A -060520-2141 Number 103 Wednesday, May 6, 2020 Page 8868 harmful that serve for their dissemination to neighboring plots.This situation is especially significant in arid climates such as those that occur in our Autonomous Community, magnifying in times of drought and causing high intensity economic problems in certain crops that can end with the death of plants.In these circumstances and due to the proven presence of a phytosanitary risk for neighboring plantations, it is necessary in many crops to carry out a phytosanitary practice by means of the controlled burning of the plant remains generated on the farm.Measure that could even be established as mandatory by the Administration for the control of some harmful quarantine organisms as it is the only technically feasible measure in certain cases.
Therefore, it is necessary to guarantee a regulatory balance that makes it possible to guarantee maximum protection of human health, through air quality, especially in current circumstances of sanitary crisis, but harmonized with the protection of crops from pests for phytosanitary reasons.
Organic Law 4/1982, of June 9, which regulates the Autonomy Statute of the CCAA of the Region of Murcia, in its article II, establishes that “Within the framework of the basic legislation of the State and, where appropriate, in the terms that it establishes, it corresponds to the Autonomous Community the legislative development and the execution in the following matters: being indicated in point 1 Health and in point 3 Environment.
The Order of October 19, 2017 of the Ministry of Water, Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries by which the phytosanitary measures to be adopted in case of accumulation of plant remains are dictated.(BORM No.
244 of 10/21/2017), amended by Order of November 6, 2017 (BORM No.
259 of 9/11/2107), where the “controlled burning of plant remains is generally authorized from pruning or other cultivation operations generated on the farm itself.However, the application of this rule will be subject to compliance with municipal ordinances and the applicable environmental and public health legislation.
According to the Law of Bases of Local Regime, 7/1985, of April 2, local entities have powers in the field of urban environment, in particular, public parks and gardens, management of urban solid waste and protection against noise pollution , light and atmospheric in urban areas.
Article 6 of Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, provides that during the period of validity of the state of alarm and, where appropriate, of the extensions to be adopted, each Administration will retain the powers granted by current legislation in the ordinary management of its services to adopt the measures it deems necessary within the framework of the direct orders of the competent authority for the purposes of the state of alarm and without prejudice to the provisions of articles 4 and 5.In accordance with Decree No.
173/2019, of September 6, of the Governing Council, which establishes the Governing Bodies of the Ministry of Water, Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and the Environment, modified by n.
º 6/2020, of March 5, the General Directorate for the Environment, assumes the powers and functions in the field of environmental evaluation of plans and projects, planning in the field of environmental quality, prevention and management of waste, contaminated soils, discharges to the sea and air quality, integrated environmental authorization, single environmental authorization, NPE authorizations: A-060520-2141 Number 103 Wednesday, May 6, 2020 Page 8869 www.borm.es DLMU-395/1985 – ISSN: 1989-1474 ambientales sectoriales en materia de residuos y suelos contaminados, de actividades potencialmente contaminadoras de la atmósfera, de vertidos de tierra al mar, vigilancia e inspección en estas materias, las de reconocimiento de la excelencia ambiental y de acceso a la información en materia de medio ambiente.
Por todo lo cual, en su virtud Primero.Durante el Estado de Alarma, queda prohibida carácter general la quema de restos de poda vegetales en las zonas próximas a núcleos urbanos.
Segundo.Excepcionalmente se permitirá la quema en aquellos supuestos adecuadamente justificados, que sean previamente valorados y autorizados por la Administración local competente, y no fuera posible la eliminación mediante otros sistemas prioritarios como su valorización por un gestor autorizado, o su incorporación al suelo mediante triturado o picado.
Tercero.En todo caso la quema excepcionada se deberá realizar evitando molestias a los vecinos, poniendo previamente en conocimiento de la policía local o Servicio de Extinción de Incendios, quienes podrán impartir instrucciones concretas sobre el modo de realizarla.
Cuarto.Publicar la presente Orden en el Boletín Oficial de la Región de Murcia, en la forma y a los efectos que determina el artículo 45 de la Ley 39/2015, de 1 de octubre, del Procedimiento Administrativo Común de las Administraciones Públicas.
Quinto.La presente Orden pone fin a la vía administrativa, pudiendo interponer contra la misma recurso contencioso-administrativo ante la Jurisdicción de lo Contencioso-Administrativo, en el plazo de dos meses contados a partir del día siguiente a la publicación de esta Orden, establecido en el art.46.1 de la Ley de la Jurisdicción Contencioso-Administrativa (Ley 29/1998, de 13 de julio), o con carácter potestativo, y previo a su impugnación en vía contencioso administrativa, podrá interponerse recurso de reposición ante el Consejero de Agua, Agricultura, Ganadería, Pesca y Medio Ambiente, en el plazo de un mes a contar desde el día siguiente a la publicación, establecido en el art.124 de la Ley 39/2015, de 1 de octubre, del Procedimiento Administrativo Común de las Administraciones Públicas, sin perjuicio de que se ejercite cualquier otro que se estime oportuno.
Murcia, 5 de mayo de 2020.—El Consejero de Agua, Agricultura, Ganadería, Pesca y Medio Ambiente, Antonio Luengo Zapata.
Source: Ayuntamiento de La Unión